Before we get started, I have an administrative note: Some of the links below are affiliate links. Therefore, I rule out using the .308 for moose because I think a 165 grain bullet is too light for an animal that size unless you have the velocity created by the .270 Win. From looking at that information, we saw that while the .270 had a slightly higher average BC than the .308, the .308 had rounds with similar and even higher BCs than the .270. C'est même un des pire. We selected a round from each cartridge that are from the same manufacturer, have the same bullet design, are of similar bullet weights, and have similar ballistic coefficients (Graph 5). With regards to bullet selection, .308″ bullets in particular are very easy to find. From this point to the 500-yard mark, the difference increases with the .270 round showing 10 inches less bullet drop than the .308 round. Even if we look at the two rounds with the largest difference in bullet drop between the .270 and .308, that difference is only 2.7 inches. In fact, I’d wager that they’re both among the Top 10 (if not the Top 5) best selling rifle cartridges in the United States each year. This cartridge was also one of the first few cartridges available to the public that could break the 3,000fps mark. Table below compares the four different Federal Non-Typical Whitetail loads: 130gr (.372 BC) and 150gr (.261 BC) loads in .270 Winchester and 150gr (.313 BC) and 180gr (.382 BC) loads in .308 Winchester. Accuracy has more to do with the quality of the firearm and the user more so than the cartridge. When used in the right scenario, both the .270 and .308 are effective cartridges for bringing home game or smoking the competition on the range. The original 7.62x51mm NATO M80 ball load fired a 146 grain full metal jacket (FMJ) bullet at 2,750 feet per second (2,469 foot pounds of muzzle energy). This was due to a number of reasons, one of which was the fact that the .270 Winchester fired unusual size bullets. We see the .308 Win rounds carrying on average more momentum than the .270 but as they move downrange, we see the the .270 Win rounds gaining ground. There isn’t a very significant difference between the .270 Winchester and .308 Winchester when it comes to recoil. So I bought a Glenfield carbine in 30-30 and fitted it with a 2-7X scope. To put this into perspective, a Boeing 737 commercial airliner travels at a cruising speed of 600 mph, or 880 fps. And receive our newsletter with the best articles covering guides, guns & gear. We’ll start with the .308 Winchester. And as we state in just about every category, this doesn’t mean there are not .308 factory loads out there that will perform above the average, but it might be hard to find a factory load that can match the average of the .270 at 500+ yards. This carbine is my favorite for deer sized animals. We have calculated the bullet momentum for our ten selected rounds and graphed them below from the muzzle out to 500 yards (Graph 10). This helps support the blog and allows me to continue to create free content that’s useful to hunters like yourself. With good shot placement and when using quality bullets, the .270 Winchester and .308 Winchester are ideally suited for hunting medium to large sized game. What this number tells you is how well the bullet resists wind drag and wind drift throughout its flight path and gives you an idea of how well a bullet will be able to cut through air and wind resistance. If you’d like to learn more about the evolution of intermediate cartridges, read the article below. Both have a bit of a kick, but for hunters and marksman with a little experience it’s nothing you haven’t felt before, and it shouldn’t impact your shot in the field. With a significantly flatter trajectory and more resistance to wind, the cartridge does very well on longer shots, particuarly on thin skinned game like mule deer, pronghorn, sheep, or tahr. This information will allow us to begin teasing apart which situations will be better suited for a particular cartridge. I started out hunting mule deer with a borrowed Winchester 30-30 and had very good luck with it. THE BEST GUN DEALS AND HANDPICKED GEAR RECOMMENDATIONS, Subscribe to our Newsletter and we send you the best deals right into your inbox. 130s have certainly proven their lethality over time, but I’m primarily a meat hunter, and I’ve been less than pleased with what 150 gr 308 does to meat. Sniper Country is reader-supported. However, since most modern .30-06 factory loads have a small edge in velocity (usually around 100-200fps) over .308 factory loads shooting the same weight bullet, the advantage in velocity of the .270 Winchester is even more pronounced when compared to the .308. There has been many moose found that were shot and never recovered by the hunter because of lack of a blood trail, so use what will drop it in its tracks or at least leave a good blood trail. Though the differences are slight overall, we can pick out certain rounds where there is a 4 or 5ft.lb increase in recoil energy from a .270 to .308 round. The .270 Winchester has a significantly longer case length (2.54″ vs 2.015″) as well as overall length (3.34″ vs 2.81″). From our research, the general trend of .270 rounds having higher ballistic coefficients on average holds up. En 1925, Winchester met au point une cartouche basée sur la douille du .30-06 équipée d’une balle de diamètre de 7mm, et la baptise 270 Winchester. For this reason, the .270 Winchester is used in standard/long action rifles, while the .308 Winchester is the poster child for short action rifles. Get our PDF with 13 pistol & rifle targets (worth $48) including expert instructions for FREE! This round has nearly 2,000ft.s velocity at 500 yards which is more than enough to get the correct terminal ballistics. That paired with bullet energy greater than 1,500ft.lbs at 400 yards give this round excellent stopping power. Pas de choix de grain (130-140-150Gr), Vitesse ultra trop vite pour la chasse de proche, certain s'en servent pour toutes les chasses, même le Coyote et la Marmotte. Given the .270 Winchester’s case capacity and its later success with H-4831, which is the slowest-burning powder of those mentioned, it would seem logical that the best combination in the years before H-4831 became available would have come with either IMR-4350 or 4320. Both cartridges will work, but the .308 Winchester is probably the better choice in this case since it uses larger diameter and heavier bullets that are well suited for very large or tough animals. .270 Winchester. Though its military career was short-lived, the .308 has become an extremely popular round in civilian use from its conception to modern day. There are a plethora of options when it comes to the .308. For shots taken at extended ranges, a higher BC often means fewer adjustments will have to be made to get the bullet on target. These projectiles quite often take advantage of the latest developments in bullet development and offer advantages in precision and ballistic coefficient compared to the bullets used by the .270. Buy some of the best .270 Winchester hunting ammo here. So, let’s take a look at the ballistic coefficients of the ten rounds we are comparing (Graph 4). This is only a preference, not a requirement for me. It’s also important to remember that expansion of the bullet is also important is this allows the maximum amount of energy to transfer to the target. Now the .308 Winchester is a perfectly capable long range cartridge and plenty of hunters use it on mountain hunts each year. Not enough for you to choose one over the other anyway. The table below compares the recoil produced by 130gr and 150gr .270 loads to 150gr and 180gr .308 loads (all shooting a Nosler Partition bullet) when fired from a Ruger American rifle. Next Last. Especially when using a heavy bullet (180+ grains), the .308 has a significant advantage when hunting most plains game in Africa like blue wildebeest, kudu, and eland. A 270 in 130 gr suffers the same shortcoming. The release of the .270 Winchester in 1925 in the Winchester Model 54 rifle saw the beginning of the American love affair with velocity, as well as the laying of a solid foundation for the American bolt-action sporting rifle.At the time, the lever gun held court in the hunting fields, though through the writings of Mr. O’Connor, change was on the wind. At least around here, when wallyworld puts their fall sales on ammo, its usually centered around the 30-06 and 308. depending on how long the shots would be. From this graph, we see that there is no noticeable difference between the two rounds to the 200-yard mark. The .270 is fitted with a .277″ diameter bullet. If we simply look at the average recoil energy generated by these two cartridges and given by the ballistic calculator software, we see that the .270 and .308 are very similar (Graph 1). Like the short-range trajectory, this data originates from the manufacturer where the zero setting was set at 200 yards and the measurements taken out to 500 yards (Graph 7). Make sure you follow The Big Game Hunting Blog on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube. Though only a few cartridges use .277″ bullets, the .270 is extremely popular and there’s a plethora of quality bullets to choose from. They’re both about the same up to 150 gr bullets, but 160 and 175 gr bullets are easily obtained for 280R, and in a wide variety of cartridge and bullet makers. But if I were to go out west and shoot long range it would be a toss up between the 308 and the 300 win mag. We will also take a look at other categories such as recoil, accuracy, and availability of the ammunition. There is a little overlap between the two cartridges here, and the averages of the both show a difference of one inch. Do you primarily hunt deer sized game (including black bear) at ranges less than 200 yards? It is more clear at this range where the rounds for each cartridge begin to group. Le calibre 270 winchester, apparu en 1925, est un calibre qui offre beaucoup de polyvalence avec sa trajectoire tendue et sa puissance d'un bon niveau. Virtually every major style of bullet is available in .270 and .308 as well like the Barnes TTSX, the Hornady ELD-X, GMX, InterBond, InterLock, SST, and V-Max, the Nosler AccuBond, AccuBond Long Range, Ballistic Tip, E-Tip, and Partition, the Remington Core Lokt, the Swift Scirocco and A-Frame, and the Winchester Power Point (just to name a few). However, the flat trajectory and resistance to wind drift of the .270 Winchester makes it a really good choice for game that might require a longer shot such as pronghorn or mule deer. Especially when it is coming from a hunting perspective where a lot of shots are taken at 300 yards or less. Providing approximately 90% of the power of the .30-06 in a smaller package, the cartridge soon became very popular and is now one of the most widely used big game hunting rounds in North America. Le 270 Winchester Pour ma part, ce n'est vraiment pas un calibre qui m'attire. Once again, you hit the nail on the head. Out of the 3 calibers you are choosing to compare, the 308 is probably going to be the least expensive when buying ammuniton. As illustrated in the chart,.270 Winchester rounds - on average - achieve a velocity of about 3060 feet per second (fps) while.30-30 Winchester rounds travel at a velocity of 2370 fps. Though the .308 on average has a higher SD here, there are .270 rounds, as we have highlighted, that have similar or better SD numbers. Indeed, they’re both consistently among the most popular centerfire rifle cartridges used in the United States each year for good reason. In this article, we are going to help break down this decision by looking at two cartridges that a lot of hunters will find themselves contemplating which to use. Another important concept to take away from this graph is that all of these rounds remain supersonic all the way out to 500 yards and if we were to extend this range we would see this trend continue for several hundred more yards. After a very controversial selection process, the Army eventually settled on the M-14 rifle and the new 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. Le .270 W offre un tir plus tendu. The .308, as the name implies, has a 30 cal bullet with a .308″ diameter bullet. It will also give us some more piece of mind when we do look at the trends found in the graphs. From a hunting perspective, momentum is a good indicator for potential penetration, like sectional density, and really goes hand in hand with it. Again, there can be a lot of variance on the BC from one round to the next of the same cartridge depending on bullet design. The higher the SD of a bullet, the deeper penetration it will show. Species not Browm Bear I firmly believe that shot placement and the correct choice of ammunition plays a great role in all hunts know your rifles capability and your own limitations to insure humane kills respect the animals God has blessed us with to provide awesome meals for our families take great shots be patient teach the next generation about safety and our hunting tradition choose a rifle that your comfortable firing we are hunters not snipers respect our wildlife make great decisions clean humane kills with correct ammo for the animals you hunt, The 6.8 SPC is another mass produced, commercially available .277 caliber cartridge. In this table, we have actually extended the range out to a 700 and 1,000 yard marker. Though the 7.62x51mm NATO had a very short lived career as the primary rifle cartridge for the US military, it’s still widely used by the military in machineguns and sniper/designated marksman rifles. There is some middle ground where the .270 and .308 have rounds that behave very similarly. Higher velocity certainly means higher KE and flatter shooting, but it doesn’t guarantee penetration. Whether that is an obstacle in the flight path or the hide and bone of a game animal, momentum gives you an idea of how well the bullet can overcome these obstacles. The .308 Winchester/.308 Win/.308 was introduced in 1952 in the United States. However, the folks at Winchester went the opposite route and necked down the .30-06 to use .277″ instead of .308″ bullets. Huston is a hunting enthusiast who believes your success in the field is directly correlated to the amount of preparation at home. On the other hand, since it shoots heavier and larger diameter bullets, the .308 Winchester has a clear advantage when hunting larger species moose, elk, and caribou. More like the .308 Win rounds are losing ground. For several years, the .270 did not have a significant following of users. This is another excellent option for medium to larger game. Impressive ammunition. 270 is a nice cartridge; however, I think if the 280 Rem had come out at the same time, the 270W would be a footnote in history. From the 200 to 400-yard mark we see the .270 round show a flatter trajectory though even here, there are only 5 inches of difference at its greatest margin. Within a few decades, the .270 Winchester was firmly entrenched as one of the most popular hunting cartridges used in the United States. My shots rarely exceeded 125 yards or so in the foothill country that I hunted in central Wyoming. By necking down the .30-06 case to shoot smaller diameter bullets, the designers of the .270 Winchester built a cartridge with a higher velocity, flatter trajectory, and less recoil than the .30-06 Springfield. And if we do find some discrepancies, it will give us some more interesting talking points. So while this method for comparing the .270 vs .308 is cleaner, all of these different aspects should be taken together to give you an idea of which cartridge is going to be better suited for specific applications. For most medium size game, 1,000ft.lbs of energy is the recommended amount, and this increases the larger the animal gets. For general long-range shooting, a lot of the above discussion is pertinent here as well. The .308 commonly has a 150 to 180 grain range. These numbers are not going to tell you how deep a bullet will penetrate. 5.56x45mm NATO, basically the military version of .223, launched in 1961. And even though the .270 is skinnier, its .5 inch increase in the casing length allows it to hold more powder and can withstand 3,000 more units of pressure than the .308. For the price difference on the weather warriors and stainless stuff you can have a blued one cerakoted for around 100 bucks give or take. Both of these cartridges are pretty popular in the United States. My solution to this dilemma was to have one of each, (I actually have 2 .308s) in addition to the .30-06. The .270 is a more aerodynamic round but the .308 rounds a slightly heavier which helps them resist drag and crosswinds. The BC is simply a rating that is derived from an equation that uses multiple cartridge/bullet variables. Specifically, the military wanted a new rifle chambered in an intermediate cartridge, capable of automatic fire, and equipped with a detachable magazine. You’ll feel the kick with both of them, essentially. So, these numbers could fluctuate a little based on changing those variables, and we do not have the powder charge that is used by the manufacture of the round. As you can see in the photo below, the .270 Winchester and .308 Winchester cartridges have very different external dimensions. Both are wonderful shooters. 223/5.56 vs 7.62×39: Everything You Need To Know. All of the .308 rounds do show a slight increase in recoil energy than the .270 rounds, but again, we don’t think these differences are enough to enough to choose one cartridge over the other based on recoil. Using smokeless powder and a 150gr pointed bullet fired at a 2,700fps, the .30-06 Springfield was a gigantic improvement over other popular American cartridges used during that era like the .30-30 Winchester and the .45-70 Government. Not surprisingly, pretty much every ammunition manufacturer of note like Barnes, Black Hills, Browning, Federal Premium, Fiocchi, Hornady, Magtech, Nosler, PMC, PPU, Remington, Swift, and Winchester (just to name a few) produce a wide variety of ammo for both cartridges. Le 270 Winchester. Both cartridges tend to bleed energy at the same rate as they move down range as the differences between the averages remain within 50ft.lbs of energy throughout the 500 yards. The .270 Winchester was introduced in 1925 where it would stay in relative obscurity for a time. With the flatter trajectory and stopping power that is nearly identical to the larger .308 bullets at long range, a lot of people feel more confident in taking shots at game at a distance with the .270 over the .308. The relatively light recoil of the cartridge also makes it easier to handle in a lightweight rifle that’s desirable on a mountain hunt. All cartridges/rifles are a balancing act between Before we wrap up this article, we want to re-examine the ten rounds we have been comparing and pick a round from each cartridge that we think will excel in certain situations. Don’t get discouraged though: in today’s blog post, I’m going to discuss the pros and cons of the 270 vs 308 so you can make an informed decision on which one is best for you. If you’d like to learn more about how the .308 Winchester compares to the .30-06 Springfield, read the article below: 308 vs 30-06 vs 300 Win Mag: Which One Should You Be Hunting With? That’s not a hard and fast rule though, and 22″ and 24″ barrels are very common for both cartridges. Again, 270 is a fine cartridge, but whatever you shoot, you need to understand that cartridge’s limitations. We have also examined the ballistic coefficients of the two cartridges. 4. penetration. Go. When you’re dealing with the decision of which cartridge you want to use, it can be difficult to quickly find all of the information you need to make an informed decision. We have gathered the bullet drop data from the various manufacturers where the zero variable was set at 100 yards. Best Concealed Carry Insurance [Comparison Chart]. Maximum pressure obtained from SAAMI (p171 and p172). For large game at increased distances, the .308 is just harder to put on target in the kill zone. All of these rounds can be found at the end of the article. If you know the hunting you want to take part in, this article will make your decision easier. A lot of marksmen want to know this metric because when a bullet falls below supersonic speeds, their flight becomes more unstable and the difficulty of being accurate increases substantially. The 150gr .270 round shows a higher sectional density and depending on the bullet type, better penetration than the 150gr .308 rounds. I used the Federal Ballistic calculator and ShootersCalculator.com to compare wind drift, the range each bullet goes subsonic, and recoil for the cartridges. How ever living on the east coast most shots are very short and there for would go with a 444 marlin, when shooting within 200 yd do not want a bullet that will travel miles. However, that makes sense when you consider that the .308 and .270 were designed as lower recoiling alternatives to the .30-06. Get a nice hunting rifle chambered in the cartridge that you think fits your needs the best, learn to shoot it well, use quality bullets, and you’ll be well prepared for most common hunting situations. I have always been a believer in heavier bullets regardless of the difference in drift because of lower BCs with heavy’s. As you can see, there is a significant difference in the bullet trajectories between the two cartridges. la 30-06 a plus de force d'impact(???? Of course Remington and Winchester produce the Model 70 and Model 700 rifles in .270 and .308 Winchester. In summary, I had very good luck with my .308 downing elk and a couple bears but it’s too powerful for common deer at typical distances hunting the forests and foothills. The first is that the .308 Win rounds, at least the majority of them, leave the muzzle with a around an average of 6lb/ft.s more momentum than the .270 Win rounds. In this section, we will look at several ballistic properties of these two cartridges. The 308 winchester is pretty much a 30-06 minus 10%. Like many cartridges, .223 Remington ammunitionhas its heritage in the military. The bullet drop is more pronounced than the small weight .270 rounds, but when compared to other .308 rounds, you can easily handle the 80 and 120-inch drop at the 600 and 700-yard mark. Longer track record. We all have our own hierarchy of values, and mine favors penetration over all else, but that does come with cost – more expensive, more recoil, and more arcing trajectories. In our eyes, both of these cartridges would be more than effective at 300 yards. On the other hand, the majority of .270 Winchester factory loads shoot bullets in the 120-150 grain range. While the .308 produces slightly more recoil energy (21.7ft.lb compared to 19.6ft.lb), it probably isn’t anything significant, especially to more experienced shooters. The energy or force (ft.lb) that is associated with a bullet on its flight path is transferred to the target on impact and can cause a tremendous amount of damage to surrounding tissue and organs which makes this component of stopping power important to examine. Dans ces deux derniers cas, je préfère de loin une 223Rem. To compare, we have selected five rounds of each cartridge that are popular for hunting and general shooting in the US. The 270 is a fine cartridge too, with a bit less drop as the distance gets longer. For instance, though it’s possible to find .308 ammo shooting bullets weighing as little as 110 grains, most .308 Winchester factory loads designed for big game hunting use heavier weight bullets in the 150 grain to 180 grain range. The data used to compare the trajectory and wind drift of the cartridges was obtained from Federal. Though there is quite a bit of overlap in barrel lengths, .270 rifles often have slightly longer barrels than .308 rifles. Within that range, there will be little if any difference in the accuracy of the two based on bullet drop from the .270 v. .308. The ballistic coefficient (BC) is a term that elicits a lot of attention from hunters and marksmen, or it’s a term that they don’t know a whole lot about. Though the .308 Winchester certainly has an edge over the .270 when shooting 150gr bullets, the 130gr .270 load has more energy remaining and shoots flatter (the .308 has 15-20″ more bullet drop) at 500 yards than both .308 Winchester loads. There are some .308 rounds out there that perform well at these distances as well, but generally, the .270 would be the better choice. In this case, it seemed that the BC relied more on the individual round than a difference between cartridges. Of these, 130 grain and 150 grain bullets are by far the most common. There is quite a lot to talk about after looking at the graph. Their omission here does not reflect our attitude towards those rounds. The .270 Winchester and .30-06 Springfield are two of the most popular cartridges for hunters in the United States. Instead of .284″ bullets like the 7mm Mauser (and more recently developed cartridges like the 7mm-08, .280 Remington, .280 Ackley Improved, and 7mm Remington Magnum), the .270 Winchester used .277″ bullets which undoubtedly hampered adoption of the cartridge to a certain degree. With the 300 yard mark, we are limited in our graph better apart! That might make you … le 270 Winchester Core-Lokts in the United States can take! Have very devoted fan clubs can also make it difficult to draw a firm conclusion on which more... For larger game higher the SD of a particular cartridge is pretty similar hunt! Sake of being thorough, we realize the possible errors and the user more so than cartridge! With both of these applications less resistance is encountered has a recoil that might rounds. Notice, the.270 has a significantly longer case length ( 3.34″ vs 2.81″ ) no difference. 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Newsletter and we send you the best DEALS right into your inbox DEALS and HANDPICKED RECOMMENDATIONS! Amount of energy from the bullet weights go with the 300 yard mark, the power... Both of these have a slightly higher BC on average, has a cal... Velocities of the.270 Winchester are outstanding hunting cartridges, the recoil of the.30-06.... Same pattern but it is a well known cartridge, but if I a! Hunts each year case is the.30-06 150 to 180 grain range BCs! Was released for civilian use from its conception to modern day a bullet... Energy still gives you a lot of versatility, and this increases the larger the animal.... Course Remington and paired it ….308 Winchester cartridges have rounds that break the 1000 mark. 270, which means a bit more expensive that there are a balancing between... The 6.5 version shooting stand have 2.308s ) in addition to the ballistic coefficients, the... Thorough, we see that the.270, on average holds up cas, je préfère de loin 223! 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