World-wide there are about 6,500 sweet potato varieties including wild accessions, farmer varieties, and breeding lines. These vines have been bred for their beautiful leaf shapes and colors. (Humans metabolize carotene into vitamin A.) Varieties of Sweet Potato. Sweet potato vine (Ipomoea batatas), named for its edible cousin, is an ornamental warm-season annual grown for its attractive leaves and vining habit.The foliage lends a tropical feel to the garden and comes in a range of colors and varying forms. People breed sweet potatoes mainly either for food (their nutritious storage roots) or for their attractive flowering vines. Gardeners turn to the sweet potato vine for its ability to power through just about anything while bringing interesting shapes, sizes, and colors to a pot or plot. Agricultural experiment stations are usually operated by a government agency and/or a university. Sweet potato plants with desirable traits are selectively bred to produce new cultivars. [3] This list does not include yams. The tubers may be left in the ground over the winter, or you can dig them up and store them. All the varieties described below are technically sweet potatoes, though they’re often called yams. Sweet potato was first domesticated in the Americas more than 5,000 years ago. Sweet potato vine cuttings should be planted during June to July for rainfed conditions. seedling, University of Georgia AES; California AES, Okla. 2 × L37 (seedlings involving Creole, Nancy Hall and Porto Rico), [(K18400 × B6313) × Shoreland × (Virginian × K1846)], First cultivated in 1971. Kenneth Pecota, a North Carolina State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the Sweet Caroline series of ornamental sweet potato vines. It does quite well in the heat of the summer, and spreads about 3 feet. A vine-type variety, it is known for its great taste, making it an excellent baking and cooking potato. Soil samples for physical and chemical analysis were collected at 0 … The sweet potato or sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. The three main cultivars grow as perennials in frost-free climates and as annuals elsewhere. Geranium, Annual. fourth-generation, open-pollinated selection from MK-14, Size and shape are similar to that of Jersey Yellow, La 1946 Cross 17 × 1 (yellow yam × Nancy Hall), (Unit IPR × Pelican. Cordyline. [3] Even though these growers called their products yams, true yams are significantly different. Sweet potato vine does well in containers, where it is a common spiller plant. Sweet potato vine's striking foliage accents fall baskets Striking foliage, however, can be a natural complement, or in some cases the main attraction. "Tricolor" is a tri-colored cultivar that produces lobed leaves in shades of grayish white and green, with tinges of pink. Bunch Porto-Rico – Yellow-orange skin and flesh, compact bush. Soil sampling and analysis. The skin of a sweet potato root is a different color than the flesh. Similar to Redmar, but different skin color. People grow sweet potato in many parts of the world, including New Zealand, Australia, the Philippines, Japan, Hawaii, China, and North America. The Kotobuki has a purplish colored veiny flesh skin with a nutty flavor similar to a roasted chestnut. "Blackie" can be grown to create contrast with bright colored plants, or it may be grown with other darkly colored plants, such as eggplants. For these varieties root tubers can … Grow Your Own Sweet Potato Vines! Popular types of ornamental sweet potatoes include: Sweet Carolina ‘Purple’ – Dark purple foliage and smaller tubers. The vine produces lavender or pale purple blooms, though these are often hidden beneath the leaves. However, sweet potato is not widely cultivated in Europe.[2]. ).The most common varieties in the U.S. are the Beauregard (the most widely grown cultivar), the jewel, and the garnet (also sometimes known as red yams). It generally comes back the same color the following spring. See more ideas about sweet potato vine, potato vines, plants. In some varieties recurrent use of vines as planting material for more than 5,6 seasons showed marked decrease in yield. While most sweet potato packer/shippers offer one or two varieties to their commercial customers, Scott Farms offers six varieties, each with its own unique appearance and taste. Sweet Caroline varieties include "Sweet Caroline Green," "Sweet Caroline Bronze," and "Sweet Caroline Purple.'" They grow best at temperatures in excess of 25°C (77°F) in well-draining, loamy soil with a pH of 5.6–6.6. [1] As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. Introduction. While they grow from actual sweet potatoes, these varieties certainly are not food. Requirements Sweet potatoes grow very well in tropical and subtropical climates and they are very sensitive to cold weather. Most of the popular varieties are the moist-fleshed types; these types convert more starch to sugar during cooking, making them sweeter to eat. Coleus and sweet potato vine are perfect plant partners for providing big color through foliage and texture. "Sweet potatoes a growing niche in Europe", "What is the Difference Between a Sweetpotato and a Yam? All varieties of the sweet potato produce edible tubers. Sweet potato plants (Ipomoea batatas) are vines of tropical origin that thrive in hot weather. Buy Now There are two basic types of sweet potatoes: moist- and dry-fleshed. Many of the sweet potato cultivars below were bred at agricultural experiment stations. Whether its orange or white flesh, red or white skin, or even Japanese, you can order anything you need from Scott Farms. It contains deep red color tubers having white flesh which is 20cm long and 4cm wide. In the mid-20th century, sweet potato growers in the Southern United States began marketing orange-fleshed sweet potatoes as "yams", in an attempt to differentiate them from pale-fleshed sweet potatoes. Growing season is 115 to 120 days. Here are some common sweet potato types: Covington – Rosy skin with deep orange flesh. Cultivated in 1973. Types of Ornamental Sweet Potatoes. (Vine Type.) The following characteristics shall be used for grouping of sweet potato varieties: i. There are a ton of different kinds of sweet potatoes from Beauregard to Regal, but it’s hard to find most of them in the store. Suitable for small containers. Climate and Sweet Potatoes. The Kotobuki is great for baking, great in salads, tempura, soups, stews, and stir-fries. One of the easiest ways to create multi-seasonal interest in the garden is to use plants with interesting foliage. The seeds of "Blackie" are highly poisonous. Sweet potatoes actually belong to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae (that means lots of pretty flowers! It works well as a border plant, or you can train it up a trellis or wall. Ornamental sweet potato vines may start small, but some varieties will have you swimming in lush leaves by mid summer. Processor) × (Mameyita × L-4-6). Sweet potato is propagated by means of vine cuttings. All sweet potatoes are variations of one species: I. batatas. Varieties of Sweet Potato Vine . When growing ornamental sweet potato vines, there are a number of varieties to choose from. In the first table, the Parentage column briefly explains how the sweet potato cultivar was bred. (The variety 'Vardaman' is grown for both.) Punjab Sweet Potato-21: The vines of this variety are medium long in length. Sweet potatoes are most likely to become reliable perennial vines in USDA Zones 9 through 11. Accent tropical cordyline with the bold foliage of purple sweet potato vine. Michelle Wishhart is a writer based in Portland, Ore. She has been writing professionally since 2005, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for City on a Hill Press, an alternative weekly newspaper in Santa Cruz, Calif. An avid gardener, Wishhart worked as a Wholesale Nursery Grower at Encinal Nursery for two years. While they won’t kill you, their taste may just turn you off of actual sweet potatoes for life! Water regularly after first planting to help the vine establish a strong root system. Like sweet potatoes, ornamental sweet potato produces tuberous, edible roots, though these are not especially palatable. First cultivated in 1949. Sweet Potato Plant Slips. It spreads to 4 feet or more. Q. I recently pulled out a decorative sweet potato vine as I was cleaning out my planters for the season and found HUGE tubers under the soil. North Carolina State University: "Sweet Caroline" Variety Brightens Landscapes, Fine Gardening: Ipomoea Batatas "Blackie", Fine Gardening: Ipomoea Batatas "Margarita", Pender Nursery: Ipomoea Batatas "Tricolor". Vine … For a brighter look, the lime colored leaves give a … The vine tip cuttings are found to be best to get higher tuber yield from sweet potato. Ipomoea batatas ‘Sweet Caroline’: Popular as a ground cover; available in five different colors, including light green, yellow-green, bronze, purple, and red; leaves are shaped somewhat like maple leaves It is an annual vine. The first table below lists sweet potato cultivars grown for their edible roots; the second table lists cultivars bred as ornamental vines. A yam tuber is starchier, dryer, and often larger than the storage root of a sweet potato, and the skin is more coarse. The first four varieties were introduced in 2002, along with another 10 in the following decade. Sweet potato cultivars differ in many ways. The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens.The sweet potato is not closely related to the common potato (Solanum tuberosum). Plant growth habit (characteristic 1) ii. It does best in full sun and warm weather (temperatures should remain above 55ºF before planting outside). Sweet potatoes are incredibly versatile, but before you can use them in all their glory, you have to know what kinds of sweet potatoes you’re dealing with. The first table below has a general description of the color of the root's flesh and skin. Some people grow ornamental varieties for just this reason rather than growing them as an edible vegetable. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). The treatments were four varieties of sweet potato (Ligri, Bohye, ... Vines were multiplied for eight weeks and vine cuttings were 30 cm long containing 4 or 5 nodes. "Margarita" produces lime-green leaves that are almost neon in their brightness. Incidentally, yams and sweet potatoes are different. The more orange the flesh of a sweet potato root is, the more nutritious carotene it has. Geraniums are longtime classics for growing with sweet potato vines in planters and pots. "Blackie" produces heart-shaped, lobed leaves that are dark reddish purple, almost black. **Some varieties have been bred for colorful foliage, and are sold as ornamental plants -- however, their tubers have an off taste that makes them unpalatable as food. It is quite vigorous as a ground cover. Also a less vigorous grower. A vigorous annual or a tender perennial, it takes off in summer heat. "Tricolor" does not always grow back the following year with tri-colored leaves, notes Floridata, it may revert back to the appearance of the mother plant, which produces leaves that are plain green. An old-fashioned sweet potato that is perhaps the sweetest of all varieties. I understand that they are not the tastiest kinds of sweet potatoes, but I would like to save them to plant again in the spring. Sweet Caroline. The dry-fleshed types have a mealier texture when cooked and aren't as widely grown. Roots are a light copper color with moist, reddish-orange flesh. Types of Sweet Potatoes. The vine is heat-tolerant and fast-growing, thriving in either full sunlight or part shade. An agricultural experiment station (AES) is a research center where scientists work to increase the quality and quantity of food production. Ornamental sweet potato is an attractive version of the edible sweet potato. Most cultivars feature foliage that is colorful, usually shaped or both. Ornamental sweet potato vines have long been grown for their beauty. Wishhart holds a Bachelor of Arts in fine arts and English literature from the University of California, Santa Cruz. May 22, 2015 - A gallery of varieties of the colorful sweet potato vine. ", "Identifying Boniato-Type Sweetpotato Cultivars Adapted to NC Growing Conditions", "Aging's a fine thing for sweet potatoes", "Haymans, an Eastern Shore sweet potato prized for generations", "Effects of plant population and planting date on growth and development of kumara cultivar Owairaka Red", "Sweetpotato Breeding and Genetics Program", "Ornamental Sweetpotatoes for the Home Landscape", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sweet_potato_cultivars&oldid=993722444, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (Yellow Yam 149 × Nancy Hall 42-1) × (Pelican Processor Triumph), North Carolina Agricultural Research Service (NCARS), University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station (Tifton, Georgia), (Mameyita × seedling L-4-6) × (seedling L-5 × Triumph), open-pollinated seedling of Regal polycrossed in 1981 to 29 other parental selections, Skin color is slightly lighter than that of Jewel, Georgia AES; US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS), Commonly called "yams" in the United States to distinguish them from O'Henry sweet potatoes, (Mameyita × Seedling L4-6) × (Seedling L-5 × Triumph). 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